Choose function in SQL Server

sql server choose function
sql server 2012 choose function
choose function in sql 2012

In this video we will discuss Choose function in SQL Server

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Choose function
Introduced in SQL Server 2012
Returns the item at the specified index from the list of available values
The index position starts at 1 and NOT 0 (ZERO)

Syntax : CHOOSE ( index, val_1, val_2, … )

Example : Returns the item at index position 2

SELECT CHOOSE(2, ‘India’,’US’, ‘UK’) AS Country

Example : Using CHOOSE() function with table data.

We will use the following Employees table for this example.

SQL Script to create Employees table
Create table Employees
(
Id int primary key identity,
Name nvarchar(10),
DateOfBirth date
)
Go

Insert into Employees values (‘Mark’, ’01/11/1980′)
Insert into Employees values (‘John’, ’12/12/1981′)
Insert into Employees values (‘Amy’, ’11/21/1979′)
Insert into Employees values (‘Ben’, ’05/14/1978′)
Insert into Employees values (‘Sara’, ’03/17/1970′)
Insert into Employees values (‘David’, ’04/05/1978′)
Go

We want to display Month name along with employee Name and Date of Birth.

Using CASE statement in SQL Server

SELECT Name, DateOfBirth,
CASE DATEPART(MM, DateOfBirth)
WHEN 1 THEN ‘JAN’
WHEN 2 THEN ‘FEB’
WHEN 3 THEN ‘MAR’
WHEN 4 THEN ‘APR’
WHEN 5 THEN ‘MAY’
WHEN 6 THEN ‘JUN’
WHEN 7 THEN ‘JUL’
WHEN 8 THEN ‘AUG’
WHEN 9 THEN ‘SEP’
WHEN 10 THEN ‘OCT’
WHEN 11 THEN ‘NOV’
WHEN 12 THEN ‘DEC’
END
AS [MONTH]
FROM Employees

Using CHOOSE function in SQL Server : The amount of code we have to write is lot less than using CASE statement.

SELECT Name, DateOfBirth,CHOOSE(DATEPART(MM, DateOfBirth),
‘JAN’, ‘FEB’, ‘MAR’, ‘APR’, ‘MAY’, ‘JUN’, ‘JUL’, ‘AUG’,
‘SEP’, ‘OCT’, ‘NOV’, ‘DEC’) AS [MONTH]
FROM Employees

Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists
https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?sort=dd&view=1

Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video
http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/choose-function-in-sql-server.html

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